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Common Baby and Childhood Illnesses and Ailments- Throat & Mouth

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Pediatrcian Treating Baby


The chart below summarizes common childhood illness/allergy/irritations that relate to the throat, neck, and in or around the mouth.

Note: This chart is only a guide and should not replace your doctor's advice.




 What Are The Signs and Symptoms?

 Is It Contagious?

Cat Scratch Disease
Chronically swollen, tender glands in neck, head, and under arms, especially if child has been bitten or scratched by a cat; mild fever; headache; fatigue; poor appetite.

Cervical Adenitis Large tender, firm, warm swelling on one side of neck, which may become red; fever. Usually no, but can be depending on culprit.
Cold Sore
(Oral Herpes Stomatitis)
Small, fluid-filled blister(s) on or near lips; may enlarge, burst, and crust over. Yes; until after lesion(s) healed.

More than six hours without a wet diaper; dry mouth; lethargy; sunken soft spot on head; sunken eyes; skin that does not bounce back when pinched and released; irritability; increased heart rate and respiratory rate.


Requires immediate medical attention
Severe sore throat; fever; drooling; difficulty breathing; chills; difficulty swallowing.

Depends on culprit.

Food Allergy

Requires immediate medical attention if severe
Occurs after contact with a particular food. May have dry, itchy rash on various parts of the body. May present with itching and swelling of face, lips, and mouth; hives; watery eyes and runny nose; vomiting, diarrhea, or difficulty breathing.

Gingivostomatitis Small red blisters inside the mouth or on the lips. Fever; may refuse to eat or drink which can lead to dehydration; bad breath.
Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease
Small blister-like sores in the mouth, and on the palms of the hands and/or the soles of the feet, and possibly the buttocks. Mild fever, sore throat, loss of appetite. Yes; until fever is gone.

Kawasaki Disease Fever, reddening of the eyes (conjunctivitis), red and dry lips, swollen tongue, gingivitis, swollen glands in the neck and a swollen, red, peeling skin on the hands and feet.


(Sixth Disease; Baby Measles)
(Herpes Virus 6 or Herpes Virus 7)
Sudden onset of high fever between 101° and 105°F for two to five days; irritable; bulging soft spot; swollen glands in neck; runny nose; diarrhea; swollen eyes. May have runny nose before or with the fever. After fever breaks, a rash appears on torso, spreading to neck, face, and arms. Yes; through respiratory droplets, saliva, or feces.


Drooling, gum sensitivity, irritability, biting/gnawing, difficulty feeding, difficulty sleeping, runny nose, loose bowel movements, low-grade fever. May pull on ear.


White patches in mouth and on tongue that looks like milk but does not scrape off easily (and is not painful). May be irritable and refuse to eat. Yes; until after 24 hours of anti-fungal treatment.
Bacterial and Viral
Swollen, red, tender tonsils sometimes flecked with white spots. Sore throat; swollen glands; difficulty swallowing; fever; chills; ear pain; cold symptoms. Yes; can be contagious up to several weeks depending on culprit.




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